Document Type : Original Article
Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, Cairo, Egypt.
Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt.
Middle Delta Electricity Production Company, Talkha, Dakahlia, Egypt.
This paper discusses one of the most important issues that impedes nuclear energy expansion, and this issue is the nuclear safety measures which must be verified and fulfilled in the nuclear power plant. Egypt is considered one of the newcomers that start to produce electricity dependent on the nuclear energy. Egypt signed an Intergovernmental agreement (IGA) on 19 November 2015 with Russian Rosatom company, specialized in nuclear energy sector, to establish the first nuclear power plant (4 VVER reactors of GeII+) located in Al-Dhabaa City, north of Egypt. The proposed nuclear power plant would be consisted of four 1200-MWe pressurized water reactor (PWR) to provide the Egyptian unified grid with total power 4800-MWe. This nuclear power plant will be in operation case within four stages. It is planned for
nuclear share in the Egyptian energy mix to be 10% by 2030. The thought of nuclear energy danger is the main cause that prevents some governments to introduce the first nuclear power plant in their land or to expand their nuclear power plants programs. The advanced intelligent techniques which are concerned with nuclear passive and active safety systems in nuclear power plants will be analyzed and recommendations would be delivered in this paper.